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牡蠣(Oyster)-食材介紹

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發表於 2017-3-20 17:30:44 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
牡蠣閩南語叫它「蚵仔」,廣東人稱「蠔」,在西式餐廳「生蠔」則是桌上佳餚,種種名稱讓人疑惑,其實在生物界定上是同一屬的「兄弟」,牡蠣是較正式的統稱。

牡蠣是一種濾食性動物,孵化後會在海中浮游,選定地方附著就不再移動,以濾食有機藻類、浮游生物成長。營養價值高,含有18種氨基酸、維生素 B群、牛磺酸和鈣、磷、鐵、鋅等營養成分,素有「海底牛奶」之美稱。是唯一可以生吃的貝類生食與否,取決於採收、運輸、保鮮過程中的溫度及濕度,只要生菌數未超標皆可生食。

李時珍在《本草綱目》中也說牡蠣「肉治虛損,解酒後煩熱,……滑皮膚,牡蠣殼化痰軟堅,清熱除濕,止心脾氣痛,痢下赤白濁,消疝積塊。」牡蠣性微寒,同時兼具制酸作用,對胃酸過多,或患有胃潰瘍的人有益處。

每年的9月到隔年的3月是牡蠣的盛產時期,這時候的牡蠣最肥美,而5月到8月是牡蠣的繁殖季節,肉質比較差,不過單以營養成分來說,其實沒有太大差別。台灣因氣候較熱,牡蠣成熟期短,因此個頭較小,相同的品種在溫帶海域需兩至四倍的時間才能成熟,生長時間拉長,體型自然也會長得比較大。



圖片來源:
http://www.mag2.com/p/news/149333
資料來源:
https://www.top1health.com/Article/26182
https://blog.icook.tw/posts/4587
http://food.ltn.com.tw/article/4723

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發表於 2017-3-26 09:38:42 來自手機 | 顯示全部樓層
天和鮮物的澎湖鮮蚵很好吃!雖然是冷凍的,但是水份和甜份都很高,也不太有腥味
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發表於 2017-12-3 20:31:00 | 顯示全部樓層

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發表於 2017-12-3 21:25:04 | 顯示全部樓層

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